The Health Hazard called Obesity

18 Jun

Obesity is a medical state in which surplus body fat has accumulated to the level that it may have an unfavorable impact on health, leading to reduced life expectation and augmented health troubles. Obesity increases the probability of a variety of diseases, predominantly heart disease, type 2 diabetes, breathing tribulations during sleep, certain types of cancer, and osteoarthritis. Obesity is normally caused by a mixture of disproportionate dietary calories, shortage of physical movement, and genetic vulnerability, even though a small number of cases are caused mainly by genes, endocrine disorders, medications or psychiatric sickness.

Obesity not only has aesthetic troubles related to it but it also has some grave health hazards. Some of these effects are mentioned below:

  • DIABETES MELLITUS

Diabetes mellitus, also known as diabetes, is a collection of metabolic diseases in which a person has elevated blood sugar level, either because the body does not create enough insulin, or because cells do not react to the insulin that is created. This elevated blood sugar level generates the standard symptoms of polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger).

  • HEART DISEASE, HIGH BLOOD PRESSUE AND HYPERTENSION:

Heart disease results when fat deposits on the interior walls of the arteries. Arteries are responsible to provide blood and oxygen to the heart. This situation causes the arteries to contract and decreases the flow of blood to the heart. The likelihood of budding heart disease elevates as body mass index (BMI) of a person elevates. Obesity may also cause congestive heart failure. ย In this condition, the heart stops pumping sufficient blood according to the requirements of the body.

  • STROKE

A stroke (also called “brain attack”) causes potentially serious harm to the brain due to the disruption to its blood supply. The majority of strokes results due to cerebral thrombosis (blood lump in a brain artery), cerebral embolism or cerebral hemorrhage (bleeding). Weight-related health hazards enlarge with greater than before weight. Therefore, patients with obesity are at even higher danger of unfavorable cardiovascular actions like stroke and heart attack.

  • CANCER

Obesity is linked with an augmented hazard for a number of cancer such as endometrial (cancer of the lining of the uterus), colon, gall bladder, prostate, kidney, and post-menopausal breast cancer.

  • SLEEP APNEA (BREATHING PROBLEMS)

Disruptive sleep apnea (sporadic breathing during sleeping) is more frequent in obese people. Obesity is related to a higher incidence of asthma and severe bronchitis, and also obesity hypoventilation disease and respiratory deficiency.

  • OSTEOARTHRITIS

Musculoskeletal disorders, together with osteoarthritis, are much more widespread among obese patients, in particular patients diagnosed with extreme obesity. Recent studies reveal that obesity is a strong forecaster for symptoms of osteoarthritis, principally in the knees. The danger of osteoarthritis is increased with every two pound increase in weight.

  • GALLSTONES

The danger of gallstones is just about three times larger for overweight patients. Without a doubt, the hazard of symptomatic gallstones shows a relationship with an increase in body mass index (BMI).

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